How to Write Cursive 3 – Lowercase r, s, x, z

How to Write Cursive 3 – Lowercase r, s, x, z

Hello everyone. Welcome to the third
video on cursive lowercase letters Today we’ll finish the remaining of the short
letters and variations: r s x and z As you will see in a moment, some of the
letters are actually taller than the x-height I don’t know why but somebody
made the rules a long time ago To get started, first you need to find
the x height. And the first stroke starts on the baseline and moves all the way up
to slightly cross the x height The second stroke starts with a small twist
and moves to the baseline and turns into an exit stroke. The down stroke should be
sitting firmly on the main slant while the two up strokes should be
approximately parallel If you’ve seen my earlier video you
should have guessed that the only down stroke is the heavy stroke while the up
strokes are light pressured This is a common pattern in all cursive letters One common mistake is to have very large
twists on the top. This can cause your letter to look disproportionate
especially when you are writing at small scale Another mistake is to turn the
twists into a straight line which causes the letter to look stiff and boring.
Instead, try to keep the twists small and elastic Another detail you should pay
attention to is that the down stroke should not be so curvy such that it’s no
longer sitting on the main slant The is a very subtle point and you should be
especially careful. Always remember to check that the down stroke is neither
too curvy nor too stiff and that center of mass is sitting firmly on the main
slant The lowercase r has an ending form which
can be used when the letter is at the end of a word or sentence. By the way the
ending forms are optional. You can always use the regular form if you prefer so,
but the ending firm does add some variety and character to your penmanship.
Here you can see how the regular form and the ending form compare to each
other The lowercase s is very similar. The
first stroke goes slightly above the x-height the second stroke is a spline
that ends on the baseline and turns into the exit stroke. The width of lowercase s
is approximately equal to that of lowercase r. The center of mass of the spline should be on the main slant
while the entry and the exit stroke should be approximately parallel Since the spline is the only down stroke you should apply heavier pressure to the
spline and because the entry and exit strokes are going up you should apply
lighter pressure to the entry and the exit stroke One common mistake is to leave an open
loop at the top and it’s ugliness is just self-evident. Another thing to avoid
is to make the spline too curvy which can cause the letter to look too fat and
lose its balance. In contrast you don’t want the spline to be too straight which
can result in a very stiff appearance Unless you have a very strong reason to
like it you should avoid such style And don’t be afraid to make mistake
after you have made enough mistakes you would be able to find the right balance The lowercase x is a special case
because its two strokes are totally separated and the second stroke is often
completed only after you have written down the entire world. The most important
thing to remember is that the second stroke is not on the main slant. It is the
first down stroke that aligns with the main slant. That being said, both down
strokes require heavy pressure just like every other down stroke in the alphabet.
One critical mistake is to align the second stroke with the main slant which
can stretch the letter horizontally Always remember that it is the first
down stroke that aligns with the main slant Another thing to avoid is to make
the two turning points unequal which can break the nice symmetry of the
letter. Also you should avoid making the turning points too sharp even though it is
very tempting to do so. It is more suited for italic style and should be avoided
in cursive. Another mistake is to break the letter into two half ovals. This
actually looks very nice and it is how I learned to write in elementary school.
You may use it at your discretion Just be aware that it is not cursive When writing in cursive pay attention that I am only completing the second stroke
after I finished the entire word This is a simplified version of lowercase z.
The down stroke is actually not on the main slant but if you connect the two
leftmost points and the two rightmost points the two lines should be parallel
to the main slant You might be wondering why this letter
is breaking so many rules and that’s because this is not a cursive z The correct cursive z has a descender which I
will explain in a later video Even so, I found that the simplified z to be very
quick and handy when it’s positioned at the beginning of a word. Well if I
replace it with a full-fledged descender z it looks too much of an overkill Thank you very much for watching to the end If you find this video helpful please give
it a thumb up and subscribe for more tutorials By the way, before you start
practicing make sure you do at least three to five minutes of muscular
movement exercise which you can find in my playlist here On next Friday we will start
examining more complex letter with stems and more interesting

5 thoughts on “How to Write Cursive 3 – Lowercase r, s, x, z

  1. What paper are you using ? BTW Im using Hardcopy bondpaper and i find it difficult to write because it needs a hard pressure. ( The lead is not spreading just like in your paper )

  2. you say not to write with a loop on the s cos it ugly .. but proceed to write the most beautiful loopy s ever … why ..

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